FORD SCORPIO

1985-1994 of release

Repair and car operation



Ford Skorpio
+ 1.1. Car identification
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Coupling
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. A kardannyj shaft and the back bridge
+ 9. A steering
+ 10. Suspension brackets
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. Wheels and tyres
+ 13. A body
- 14. An electric equipment
   14.1. A technical characteristics
   14.2. Safety locks and the relay
   14.3. Electronic blocks of management
   14.4. System of the central blocking
   14.5. System of indexes of turns
   14.6. The fuel computer
   14.7. Additional control system
   + 14.8. The generator
   + 14.9. A starter
   + 14.10. A windscreen screen wiper, knot of indexes and a headlight
   14.11. Removal and installation of a combination of devices
   14.12. External and internal illumination
   + 14.13. An other electric equipment
   + 14.14. Electroschemes



14.12. External and internal illumination

THE BASIC HEADLIGHT

Replacement of a bulb distant and a passing light

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To open a cowl.
2. To turn a back cover of a headlight counter-clockwise and to remove it.
3. To disconnect from a bulb an electric socket and to compress pads (are specified by arrows) spring clamp.
4. To take a bulb (it is specified by an arrow) from a headlight.
5. A new bulb to establish so that ledges of the holder of a bulb have entered into grooves of a reflector of a headlight and to fix a spring clamp.

The prevention

Categorically it is forbidden to concern a glass cylinder of a bulb barehanded. Otherwise it is necessary to wipe a cylinder of a bulb spirit.


6. To establish on a bulb a socket and to close a back cover of a headlight.
7. To check up adjustment of light of headlights.

Replacement of a bulb of dimensional light

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To open a cowl.
2. To turn a back cover of a headlight counter-clockwise and to remove it.
3. To take from the bottom part of a reflector the holder of a bulb together with a bulb.
4. To pull for a bulb (it is specified by an arrow) and to take from the holder.
5. To move a new bulb in the holder and to establish the holder in a reflector.
6. To close a back cover of a headlight.

Replacement of a bulb of the forward index of turns

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To open a cowl.
2. In a motor compartment to unhook a spring keeping glass of a lantern of the index of turns and to take it outside.
3. To turn the holder of a bulb counter-clockwise and to take it from a lantern.
4. A bulb to press in the holder and in this position to turn counter-clockwise and to take it.
5. To insert a new bulb in the holder (it is specified by an arrow).
6. To press a bulb against the stop and to turn in this position clockwise.
7. The holder with a bulb to insert into a lantern and to turn clockwise before fixing.
8. To insert to the place of glass of a lantern and to fix its spring.

Adjustment of light of headlights

Screws of adjustment of light of headlights

1 – the screw of adjustment of light in a vertical plane,

2 – the screw of adjustment of light in a horizontal plane

Change of installation of light of the main headlights is carried out by turn of the screws located in a back part of headlights (accessible from outside a motor compartment).

In headlights for adjustment in a vertical plane, and for adjustment the bottom screw serves in a horizontal plane – the top screw.

Entry conditions:

  – Tyres of wheels should be pumped up to necessary size of pressure of air in them;
  – The car with a full tank of fuel should be loaded only by weight 75 kg on sitting of the driver;
  – In front of the car it is necessary to press strongly some times for corresponding placing of elastic elements of a suspension bracket

Adjustment of a ray of light of headlights

The scheme of adjustment of headlights

And – border of light,
In – the centre of a light stream,
With – a zone of illumination by a passing light,
D – interaxal distance of headlights,
Н – height of installation of headlights,
About – an axis of the car,
X = 120 mm for the basic headlights and X = 220 mm for antifog headlights.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To establish the car on an equal horizontal surface on distance of 10 metres from a vertical wall.
2. On a wall to put marking lines according to fig. the Scheme of adjustment of headlights.
3. To include a passing light of headlights and to close one headlight an improvised material and to make adjustment of a ray of light of the second headlight.
4. To repeat operation on adjustment for the second headlight.
5. As soon as possible to make adjustment of light of headlights on the special equipment.

Replacement of a bulb of an additional headlight

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To open a cowl.
2. To remove from the top part of a headlight a plastic cover, preliminary having released wire clips (arrow).
3. To compress and take aside two wire clamps.
4. To take a bulb and to disconnect an electric socket.
5. To connect a socket of a new bulb and to establish a bulb (it is specified by an arrow) so that ledges of the holder of a bulb have entered into grooves of a reflector of a headlight.

The prevention

Categorically it is forbidden to concern a glass cylinder of a bulb barehanded. Otherwise it is necessary to wipe a cylinder of a bulb spirit.


6. To fix a bulb two wire clamps.
7. To establish and fix a plastic cover.
8. To check up adjustment of light of headlights.

Replacement of a bulb of a forward antifog headlight

Bulb of a forward antifog headlight

And – screws of fastening of a headlight,

With – the screw of adjustment of light of a headlight

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To unscrew two screws from two parties of a headlight and to take a headlight from a nest.
2. From the back party of a headlight to compress a spring clamp of a bulb and to take him aside.
3. To take a bulb and to disconnect an electric socket.
4. A new bulb to establish so that ledges of the holder of a bulb have entered into grooves of a reflector of a headlight and to fix a spring clamp.

The prevention

Categorically it is forbidden to concern a glass cylinder of a bulb barehanded. Otherwise it is necessary to wipe a cylinder of a bulb spirit.


5. To connect an electric socket.
6. To establish a headlight in a nest and to fix screws.
7. To check up adjustment of light of headlights.

The prevention

Adjustment of light of an antifog headlight in a vertical plane is made by rotation of the screw located in the top part of a headlight.


Replacement of a bulb of the lateral repeater of turns

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To turn glass of the repeater of turns clockwise and to take the repeater of turns from a body.
2. To turn glass of the repeater of turns counter-clockwise in relation to the holder of a bulb and to remove it.
3. Having pulled for a bulb, to take it from the holder.
4. To establish in the holder a new bulb.
5. To establish glass of the repeater of turns on the holder and to fix its turn clockwise.
6. To establish the repeater of turns in a body and to fix its turn counter-clockwise.

BACK LANTERN

Replacement of bulbs

Arrangement of bulbs on the holder

1 – a bulb of the back index of turns (12V, 21W),

2 – a bulb of fires of braking (12V, 21W),

3 – a dimensional bulb (12V, 10W),

4 – a back antifog bulb (12V, 21W),

5 – a backing bulb (12 V, 21 W)

Replacement of bulbs of a lantern of a backing is made from a luggage space.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To uncover (arrows), closing lanterns the corresponding party. On the right side it is necessary to disconnect an electric socket.
2. To compress in a direction to each other clamps and to take the holder of bulbs of a lantern.
3. For replacement of a faulty bulb to press a bulb in the holder and in this position to turn it counter-clockwise and to take from the holder.
4. To insert a new bulb in the holder, to press it against the stop and to turn in this position clockwise.
5. To establish into place and to fix the holder of bulbs.
6. To establish a cover closing lanterns.

Removal of a back lantern

PERFORMANCE ORDER
Body Hatchback
1. To remove from a luggage space a cover of a back lantern.
2. To unscrew six nuts (are specified by arrows) fastenings of a back lantern.
3. To take a lantern outside of the car and to remove a socket.
Body the Sedan
4. To remove an upholstery of a luggage carrier from the demanded party.
5. To unscrew nuts (2) fastenings of a back lantern. To take a lantern outside of the car and to remove a socket (1).

Replacement of a bulb of illumination of licence plate

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To insert an edge of a thin screw-driver under rubber consolidation of a lantern and to press a clamp (1) plafonds and to take a lantern from a bumper.
2. To turn the holder of a bulb counter-clockwise and to take it.
3. Having pulled for a bulb, to take it from the holder.
4. To establish in the holder a new bulb.
5. To establish the holder of a bulb in a lantern and to turn against the stop clockwise.
6. To establish a lantern in a bumper before its accurate fixing.

Replacement of lamps of illumination of salon

PERFORMANCE ORDER
To insert an edge of a thin screw-driver on the right side under the block of illumination and having pressed a screw-driver to take it from a nest. In case of removal of the fixture for reading a screw-driver to insert from below in an average part of the block of illumination. To make replacement of lamps and to establish the block into place. If necessary it is possible to draw in the contacts keeping a bulb.

Replacement of lamps of illumination of a mirror

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To insert an edge of a thin screw-driver on the right side under a frame of a mirror and, having pressed a screw-driver, to take a frame from a nest.
2. To make replacement of a bulb and to establish a frame into place. If necessary it is possible to draw in the contacts keeping a bulb.

Replacement of bulbs of the alarm system of open doors, illumination of space for feet and a luggage space

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To insert an edge of a thin screw-driver under a plafond of a bulb and, having pressed a screw-driver, to take a plafond from a nest.
2. To take out a bulb and to replace it (in drawing – replacement of an alarm bulb of open doors).
3. To replace a bulb and to establish a plafond before its accurate fixing.

Removal and installation of a headlight and светорассеивателя

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To open a cowl.
2. To remove a wire of weight from the car.

The prevention

The information in electronic memories is thus erased from memory.


3. To disconnect the electric socket close to a headlight. In the presence of the proof-reader of light of headlights also to disconnect from it an electric socket.
4. To remove a lantern of the index of turn.
5. To remove the rubber lining located between a bumper and a headlight.
6. To remove the lattice of a radiator fixed by two screws.
7. To unscrew top (it is specified by an arrow in drawing on the right) and bottom (is specified by an arrow in drawing at the left) bolts of fastening of a headlight.
8. Slightly to unscrew a lateral nut (it is specified by an arrow) fastenings of a headlight and to take a headlight, having moved it forward and aside.
9. To remove from a headlight all bulbs.
10. Inserting into grooves from the back party of a headlight a screw-driver and turning it, to remove spring clips of fastening of glass.
11. To remove headlight glass together with a sealing lining.

Replacement of a lamp of illumination of switches

Replacement of lamps can be made after removal of the handle of the switch.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To remove the handle for access to a lamp (it is specified by an arrow) switch.
2. To replace a bulb.

Replacement of a lamp of illumination of a ware box

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To open a ware box (the arrow specifies an arrangement of a lamp of illumination of a ware box).
2. To unscrew two screws and to take the switch and lamp block.
3. To take a lamp from the block and to establish the new.

Replacement of a lamp of illumination of an ashtray

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Over an ashtray to remove a box or a radio receiver (the arrow specifies an arrangement of a lamp of illumination of an ashtray).
2. Through opened aperture to take the holder of a bulb, extending it outside, or a screw-driver cautiously to separate it from a casing.

Replacement of a lamp of illumination of the panel of a heater

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To remove a fringing of the panel of devices.
2. To remove the handle of management of a heater, having pulled it on itself.
3. By means of a screw-driver to remove the heater panel.
4. To take a bulb (it is specified by an arrow) from the holder.
5. To replace a bulb.

Replacement of a lamp of illumination of the selector of an automatic transmission

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To unscrew the selector handle.
2. To remove a selector casing.
3. To wring out two скобы fastenings of a scale of the selector and to remove a selector scale.
4. To unscrew four screws and to remove directing plate.
5. To remove the holder and to replace a lamp (it is specified by an arrow) selector illuminations.

Replacement of a lamp of illumination of the switch of the emergency light alarm system

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. To remove the top casing of a steering column, preliminary having unscrewed three screws.
2. To check up that the switch is in position "Vykl" then to remove the switch button.
3. To take and insert a new lamp.
4. To establish into place the button of the switch and the top casing of a steering column.

Replacement of a lamp of illumination of hours

If hours are established in a combination of devices, replacement is made similarly to replacement of control bulbs.

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. In case of installation of hours with the top arrangement, for replacement of a bulb of illumination of hours it is necessary to remove the top console.
2. For removal of the top console to remove a plafond of illumination of salon and the handle of opening of the hatch, to unscrew two screws of fastening of a forward part of the console, to lower a forward part of the console downwards and to shift back.
3. For access to a lamp to remove a back cover of hours, preliminary having unscrewed two screws.
4. To replace a lamp (it is specified by an arrow) with байонетным fastening.
5. To establish a back cover of hours and then the top console.