medix

FORD SCORPIO

1985-1994 of release

Repair and car operation



Ford Skorpio
+ 1.1. Car identification
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Coupling
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. A kardannyj shaft and the back bridge
+ 9. A steering
+ 10. Suspension brackets
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. Wheels and tyres
+ 13. A body
- 14. An electric equipment
   14.1. A technical characteristics
   14.2. Safety locks and the relay
   14.3. Electronic blocks of management
   14.4. System of the central blocking
   14.5. System of indexes of turns
   14.6. The fuel computer
   14.7. Additional control system
   + 14.8. The generator
   + 14.9. A starter
   + 14.10. A windscreen screen wiper, knot of indexes and a headlight
   14.11. Removal and installation of a combination of devices
   14.12. External and internal illumination
   + 14.13. An other electric equipment
   + 14.14. Electroschemes



14. An electric equipment

14.1. A technical characteristics
THE GENERAL DATA

THE ACCUMULATOR

The accumulator by pressure 12 In and capacity of 50 or 60 Ach is used. The negative pole of the accumulator is connected to weight of the car. A given current strength in a starter operating mode at temperature-18 With: 270 or 360 And.

THE GENERATOR

The three-phase generator with the built in electronic regulator is applied. On a rotor the winding of excitation with two contact rings is located. The magnetic field in the generator is created by a current in a winding of excitation which arrives through graphite brushes and contact rings. Position of a magnetic field concerning a winding статора constantly changes at rotor rotation therefore in a winding статора there is an alternating voltage. Diodes will transform an alternating current in constant, and the pressure regulator supports size of pressure of a constant, irrespective of frequency of rotation of the generator.

Mark
Bosch, Lucas or Motorola
Rated voltage
14 IN
The maximum current strength
55, 70 or 90 And

Generators Bosch

Type
N1-31/70 A
K1-23/55 A
N1-34/90 A
The maximum current (A) at pressure 13,5 In
70
55
90
Resistance of a winding (at 20 ):
  – A rotor (Ohm)
2,9 – 3,19
3,4 – 4,74
3,40 – 3,74
  – статора (Ohm)
0,1 – 0,11
0,07 – 0,077
0,10 – 0,11
The minimum length of brushes (mm)
5
Adjustable pressure ()
13,7 – 14,6

Generator Lucas

Type
A1-33/55 A
The maximum current (A) at pressure 13,5 In
55
Resistance of a winding (at 20 ):
  – A rotor (Ohm)
3,0 – 3,4
  – статора (Ohm)
0,20 – 0,25
The minimum length of brushes (mm)
5
Adjustable pressure ()
13,7 – 14,6

Generator Motorola

Type
SD 55
Current strength () at 6000 rpm
55
The maximum steady number of turns (rpm)
15 000
Resistance of a winding статора (Ohm)
0,24 0,012
Resistance of a winding of a rotor (Ohm)
4 0,2
The minimum length of brushes (mm)
4
Adjustable pressure ()
13,7 – 14,6

Klinovoj belt

Mark
Motorcraft 1820 LEL 2780
Tension (checked up on a cold belt the special adaptation):
  – A belt new:
     • the single
400 – 500 Н
     • the double
440 – 620 Н
  – A belt which was in the use (after, at least, 10 mines of work):
     • the single
300 – 400 Н
     • the double
300 – 400 Н
Deflection
10 mm by pressing by a thumb in the middle большего a belt piece

STARTER

Mark: Bosch, Lucas, Cajavec or Nippondenso.

The starter represents the powerful electric motor, capable to untwist a cranked shaft of the engine of the car to 300 rpm that is enough for its start. The starter consists of the case with windings (статора), anchors with обгонной муфтой, a collector with щеткодержателями and the traction relay. At pressure giving on a starter through a winding of the traction relay the current from the accumulator proceeds and the relay anchor is involved, closing contacts of the relay and submitting pressure on the starter electric motor. Simultaneously the relay anchor through the lever moves обгонную муфту with a drive gear wheel. A nave обгонной муфты, turning on screw шлицах a shaft of an anchor of a starter, turns as well a gear wheel that facilitates its input in gearing with a flywheel wreath.

Starters Bosch

Type
EF (R) 12V 0,85 kw
EF 0,95 kw
GF (R) 12V 1,1 PS
DW 1,4 kw
№ under the catalogue
0 001 211 228
0 001 208 706
0 001 311 149
0 001 108 037
Idling check
55 And at 11,5 In and 6000 rpm
50 And at 11,0 In
70 And at 11,5 In and 7500 rpm
75 at 11,5 In and 2900 rpm
Short circuit check
7 In at 450 And
7 In at 510 And
7,4 In at 480 – 560 And
4,5 In at 710
The moment (Nanometer)
12,5 – 15,0
10
15,0 – 16,0
15
The minimum pressure of inclusion ()
7,5
8,0
Diameter of a collector (mm):
  – The nominal
36,0
32,8
36,0
32,8
  – The minimum
33,5
33,5
Force of a clip of brushes ()
11,5 – 13,5
18 – 21
18 – 21
18 – 21
The minimum length of brushes (mm)
13
8
13
8 (4,5)
Axial backlash of a rotor (mm)
0,1 – 0,3
0,1 – 0,3
0,1 – 0,3
0,1 – 0,3

The control size of the electromagnetic switch (regulated):
  – Starter Bosch EF (R) 12V 0,85 kw
16,0 0,15 mm
  – Starter Bosch GF (R) 12V 1,1 PS
28,5 0,2 mm

Starter EF and GF with the two-port electric motor of a direct current with consecutive excitation. Joins by means of the electromagnetic switch. The direction of rotation of a rotor right if to take a detached view приводной gear wheels. The drive gear wheel has 10 teeths.

Starter DW has the built in planetary reducer, excitation from constant magnets and joins by means of the electromagnetic switch.

Starter Lucas

Type
5 M of 90 or 8 M 90
The minimum width of a collector
2,05 mm
The minimum length of brushes
8,0 mm
Force of a clip of brushes
8 Н
Axial backlash of a rotor
0,25 mm

Starters Cajavec and Nippondenso

Mark
Cajavec
Nippondenso
Capacity (kw)
0,88
0,8
The minimum diameter of a collector (mm)
32,8
28,0
The minimum length of brushes (mm)
10,0
10,0
Force of a clip of brushes ()
16
12
Axial backlash of a rotor (mm)
0,3
0,6

WINDSCREEN SCREEN WIPER

The screen wiper with two speeds with possibility of faltering work and a thermobimetallic safety lock is applied. Faltering work of screen wipers copes the electronic relay, established in the relay block.

Mark: SWF or Bosch.

SCREEN WIPER OF BACK GLASS

Mark: Bosch.

Automatically joins at inclusion of a reverse gear and work of a screen wiper of a windscreen.

СТЕКЛООМЫВАТЕЛИ

All models of cars are equipped by the electric pump of a washer of a windscreen. On the majority of models the pump of a washer of back glass with separate, established behind, a tank also is established. When washers of headlights are established, they are equipped by the separate pump having больший a tank, than the pump of a washer of a windscreen.

Tanks to fill only with water with special washing additives. In the conditions of negative temperatures to apply additives with антифризными properties or to add in water a small amount of methyl spirit. It is not necessary to add cooling liquid from system of cooling of the engine is destroys a material of brushes and a body paint.

Nozzles of washers of wind and back glasses are regulated by a hairpin inserted into a nozzle. For adjustment snuffled washers of headlights the special tool (Ford 32 004) is required.

In a submitting hose of washers of headlights there is an unidirectional valve. If the valve is faulty, the washing liquid will flow out from a tank through nozzles.

HEATING OF WIND AND BACK GLASSES

On cars Ghia the heater of a windscreen representing two thin heating elements (delay), placed between two layers of a windscreen is established. Windscreen heating joins only at the working engine for the period of no more than 4 minutes (it is disconnected automatically). A current consumed by a heater – 30 amperes.

Heating of back glass joins only at the working engine. A current consumed by a heater – 20 amperes. The relay of inclusion of a heater запитывается from the plug "61" generators and simultaneously with a heater includes heating of rear-view mirrors.

For cleaning of an inside of glass use a soft fabric or suede, driving it along heater threads.

Small ruptures in a heater can be restored by means of a special spending paint. At its use follow manufacturer instructions.

ILLUMINATION

Headlights

Mark: Bosch or Hella.

Bulbs

Use
Fastening, socle
Capacity (Вт)
Headlights distant and passing light Н4
Н4
55/60
Headlights of headlight Н3 (Ghia)
Н3
55
Forward antifog headlights
Н3 (Ghia)
Н3
55
Dimensional light
The glass
5
Forward and back indexes of turns, back antifog lantern and backing lantern
Bayonet joint
21
Back dimensional fires and braking
Bayonet joint
5/21
The lateral repeater of turns
The glass
5
Licence plate illumination
The glass
5
Illumination of a motor compartment
Bayonet joint
10
Luggage carrier illumination
Bayonet joint
5
Illumination of an open door and roadside
Bayonet joint
5
Illumination of space for feet
The glass
5
Salon illumination
Софитный
10
Lantern for reading
The glass
5
Mirror illumination
Софитный
3
Illumination of a ware box
The glass
3
Illumination of an ashtray and прикуривателя
The glass
1,2
Control lamps and illumination of the panel of devices
The glass
1,2/2,5
Transmission illumination
Bayonet joint
1,2