FORD SCORPIO

1985-1994 of release

Repair and car operation



Ford Skorpio
- 1.1. Car identification
   1.2. Prevention signs
   1.3. The panel of devices and a combination of devices
   1.4. Control levers on a steering column
   1.5. Keys
   1.6. Doors
   1.7. Blocking of a steering column / the ignition lock
   1.8. A manual transmission
   1.9. An automatic transmission
   1.10. window raiser with the electric drive
   1.11. Adjustment of position of a steering wheel
   1.12. Sitting lobbies
   1.13. Salon illumination
   1.14. External rear-view mirrors with the electric drive
   1.15. Increase in volume of a luggage space
   1.16. Screen wipers and washers
   1.17. Car lifting
   1.18. Car towing
   1.19. Engine start
   1.20. Start of the cold petrol engine
   1.21. Start of the hot petrol engine
   1.22. Start of the petrol engine with a fuel modulation
   1.23. Start of the diesel engine
   1.24. Features of operation of the car
+ 2. Maintenance service
+ 3. Engines
+ 4. Cooling system
+ 5. Fuel system
+ 6. Coupling
+ 7. Transmissions
+ 8. A kardannyj shaft and the back bridge
+ 9. A steering
+ 10. Suspension brackets
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. Wheels and tyres
+ 13. A body
+ 14. An electric equipment



1.3. The panel of devices and a combination of devices
THE GENERAL DATA

The panel of devices (the early version – full)

1 – forward antifog headlights,
2 – back antifog headlights,
3 – the fuel computer,
4 – a tachometre,
5 – the index of turns,
6 – a speedometer,
7 – the counter of run and the dump button on a zero of the daily counter of run,
8 – the index of level of fuel,
9 – the index of temperature,
10 – a control lamp of an overheat,
11 – a control lamp of a reserve of fuel,
12 – the display,
13 – management in temperature and distribution of air,
14 – a heater of back glass,
15 – a heater of a windshield,
16 – the handle of management of the fan,
17 – a radio receiver,
18 – the amplifier,
19 – an ashtray,
20 – lighter,
21 – a control lamp of automatic maintenance of speed of the car,
22 – a control lamp of a headlight of headlights,
  23 – a control lamp of level of a cooling liquid,
24 – the lock of ignition,
25 – a control lamp of level of a liquid for washing of glass,
26 – a sound signal,
27 – management of the car of automatic maintenance of speed,
28 – inclusion of the emergency light alarm system,
29 – a control bulb of gymnastics of the accumulator,
30 – a control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – a control bulb of a manual brake and very low level of a brake liquid,
32 – the proof-reader of light of headlights,
33 – a control lamp of deterioration brake колодок,
34 – control lamp ABS,
35 – a regulator of illumination of the panel of devices,
36 – the switch of external illumination

The panel of devices (the early version)

2 – back antifog headlights,
5 – the index of turns,
6 – a speedometer,
7 – the counter of run and the dump button on a zero of the daily counter of run,
8 – the index of level of fuel,
9 – the index of temperature,
13 – management in temperature and distribution of air,
14 – a heater of back glass,
16 – the handle of management of the fan,
17 – a radio receiver,
19 – an ashtray,
20 – lighter,
22 – a control lamp of a headlight of headlights,
24 – the lock of ignition,
26 – a sound signal,
28 – inclusion of the emergency light alarm system,
29 – a control bulb of gymnastics of the accumulator,
30 – a control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – a control bulb of a manual brake and very low level of a brake liquid,
34 – control lamp ABS,
36 – the switch of external illumination,
37 – hours,
38 – the indicator of not fastened seat belts,
39 – the distributor of a sound,
40 – the indicator of work of candles накаливания

The panel of devices (the late version – full)

3 – the fuel computer,
4 – a tachometre,
5 – the index of turns,
6 – a speedometer,
7 – the counter of run and the dump button on a zero of the daily counter of run,
8 – the index of level of fuel,
9 – the index of temperature,
12 – the display,
13 – management in temperature and distribution of air,
14 – a heater of back glass,
15 – a heater of a windshield,
16 – the handle of management of the fan,
18 – a radio receiver,
19 – an ashtray,
20 – lighter,
21 – a control lamp of automatic maintenance of speed of the car,
22 – a control lamp of a headlight of headlights,
23 – a control lamp of level of a cooling liquid,
24 – the lock of ignition,
25 – a control lamp of level of a liquid for washing of glass,
26 – a sound signal,
27 – management of the car of automatic maintenance of speed,
28 – inclusion of the emergency light alarm system,
29 – a control bulb of gymnastics of the accumulator,
30 – a control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – a control bulb of a manual brake and very low level of a brake liquid,
32 – the proof-reader of light of headlights,
33 – a control lamp of deterioration brake колодок,
34 – control lamp ABS,
35 – a regulator of illumination of the panel of devices,
36 – the switch of external illumination and antifog headlights,
41 – the indicator of a pillow of safety

Combination of devices (the early version – full)

4 – a tachometre,
5 – the index of turns,
6 – a speedometer,
7 – the counter of run and the dump button on a zero of the daily counter of run,
8 – the index of level of fuel,
9 – the index of temperature,
11 – a control lamp of a reserve of fuel,
12 – the display,
22 – a control lamp of a headlight of headlights,

  23 – a control lamp of level of a cooling liquid,
25 – a control lamp of level of a liquid for washing of glass,
29 – a control bulb of gymnastics of the accumulator,
30 – a control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – a control bulb of a manual brake and very low level of a brake liquid,
33 – a control lamp of deterioration brake колодок,
34 – control lamp ABS,
40 – the indicator of work of candles накаливания

Combination of devices (the early version)

4 – a tachometre,
5 – the index of turns,
6 – a speedometer,
7 – the counter of run and the dump button on a zero of the daily counter of run,
8 – the index of level of fuel,
9 – the index of temperature,
22 – a control lamp of a headlight of headlights,
  29 – a control bulb of gymnastics of the accumulator,
30 – a control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – a control bulb of a manual brake and very low level of a brake liquid,
34 – control lamp ABS,
41 – the indicator of a pillow of safety

Combination of devices (the late version – full)

4 – a tachometre,
5 – the index of turns,
6 – a speedometer,
7 – the counter of run and the dump button on a zero of the daily counter of run,
8 – the index of level of fuel,
9 – the index of temperature,
11 – конторльная a bulb of level of fuel,
12 – the display,
22 – a control lamp of a headlight of headlights,
21 – a control lamp of automatic maintenance of speed of the car,
23 – a control lamp of level of a cooling liquid,
25 – a control lamp of level of a liquid for washing of glass,
29 – a control bulb of gymnastics of the accumulator,
30 – a control bulb of pressure of oil,
31 – a control bulb of a manual brake and very low level of a brake liquid,
33 – a control lamp of deterioration brake колодок,
34 – control lamp ABS,
41 – the indicator of a pillow of safety

The prevention

The following description is the general for three kinds of panels of devices and a combination of devices.


Digital watch

Hours show time to 12 or 24 hours. For definition of an operating mode of hours it is necessary to press both buttons simultaneously. At выcandlesивании on the screen 1:00 on hours the 12-sentry a mode is established, and at выcandlesивании 0:00 – the 24-sentry a mode.

At installation of time for transfer into hour forward it is necessary to press the left button. For transfer of minutes forward it is necessary to press the right button. At deduction of the pressed button there is an accelerated readout of hours or minutes.

For exact installation of time it is necessary to press both buttons and to release them on an exact times signal.

The fuel computer (the early version) (3)


And – the instant expense of fuel,
In – the average expense of fuel from last pressing buttons of the computer,
With – the fuel expense at start in litres from last pressing buttons of the computer,
D – a course stock in kilometres on fuel which has remained in a tank,
Е – a function choice. By pressing 4 functions change all. Each function is underlined a board,
F – () the switching button on metric or English imperial system,
G – () the call button

The computer shows and updates the information of the expense of fuel, a course and profitability stock. It is equipped by a signal of pressing of buttons and a fuel reserve. Computer illumination joins at inclusion of external illumination and is regulated by a light exposure regulator.

The computer receives the initial data from the gauge from a fuel tank and on the basis of the fuel expense for the last 10–20 minutes of work of the engine. Constantly changing working conditions of the engine change the fuel expense of which it is possible to observe constantly. This data received by the driver, facilitates driving. The fuel rest on 80, 40 and 20 kilometres of run of the car is informed the driver by a sound signal. This signal joins pressing of the button 3 and after five signals is switched off automatically. The fuel rest in a tank makes 5 litres when the index of residual run specifies 0 km. The computer counts again a course stock in kilometres at pouring in a fuel tank not less than 9 litres of fuel.

The fuel computer / multipurpose hours (the late version) (3)

1 – the hour display,

2 – the button of a choice of functions of the clock,

3 – the display of the fuel computer,

4 – the button of a choice of functions of the computer,

5 – the button of dump,

6 – the button of installation,

7 – the management button

Multipurpose hours can show:

  – Time (hours and minutes);
  – A calendar;
  – A stop watch;
  – Temperature of external air.

The fuel computer can show:

  – Car run;
  – Average speed;
  – The instant expense of fuel;
  – The average expense of fuel;
  – A course stock on the remained fuel.

The button of a choice of a function of the clock. It is necessary to press the button until on the hour display there will be no corresponding indicator.

The button of a choice of functions of the computer. It is necessary to press the button until on the display of the fuel computer there will be no corresponding indicator.

The dump button (R) is used for zeroing of indications of a stop watch and the computer, and also at time and calendar installation on hours.

The installation button (S) is used for installation of time and a calendar, start and a stop watch stop, and also for switching of units of measure of temperature ( C or F).

The management button is used for switching of work of buttons of dump and installation on the display of hours or the computer.

MULTIPURPOSE HOURS

Time installation

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. For time installation it is necessary to include ignition and to press the button of management before occurrence on the hour display of the arrow specifying an operating mode (12 or 24 hours).
2. Pressing the button of a choice of a function of the clock, it is necessary to establish time mode.
3. Pressing the installation button (S), to choose a mode of hours. The indicator "am" corresponds to indications of hours in the forenoon, and "pm" – in the afternoon.
4. Pressing the dump button (R), to choose a mode to or in the afternoon.
Installation of hours
5. For installation it is necessary to establish time display, then twice to press the installation button (S) that will lead to a blinking of figure of hours, and then, pressing the dump button (R), to establish indications of hours.
Installation of minutes
6. For installation it is necessary to establish time display, then three times to press the installation button (S) that will lead to a blinking of figure of minutes, and then, pressing the dump button (R), to establish indications of minutes.
7. After time installation it is necessary to press the button of a choice of functions of the clock.
Calendar installation
8. For installation it is necessary, pressing the button of a choice of functions, to establish on the hour display a calendar.
Installation of month
9. For installation it is necessary to press the installation button (S) that will lead to a blinking of the figure designating month, and then, pressing the dump button (R), to establish month.
Installation of day of week
10. For installation it is necessary to press twice the installation button (S) that will lead to a blinking of the figure designating day of week, and then, pressing the dump button (R), to establish day of week.
11. After calendar installation it is necessary to press the button of a choice of functions of the clock.
Stop watch
12. For installation it is necessary, pressing the button of a choice of functions, to establish on the hour display a stop watch.
13. Pressing the installation button (S) makes start of readout of time by a stop watch, and repeated pressing of the button of installation (S) conducts to a stop watch stop. The subsequent pressing of the button of installation (S) make start and a stop watch stop. Pressing of the button of dump (R) leads to zeroing of indications of a stop watch. Stop watch work can proceed and at switching on any other functions of the clock, thus a stop watch symbol will blink.
Temperature of external air
14. For installation it is necessary, pressing the button of a choice of functions, to establish on the hour display temperature measurement.
15. Pressing the installation button (S) makes switchings of units of measure of temperature ( C or F).

THE FUEL COMPUTER

The choice of function of display of the information is made by pressing of the button of a choice of functions of the computer.

Car run. On the display car run (to 999 km) is displayed from the moment of last dump on a zero. Dump of indications of run on a zero is made by the dump button (R).

Average speed of the car. On the display average speed of the car is displayed at run last 1000 km or from the moment of last dump on a zero. Dump of indications on a zero is made by the dump button (R).

The instant expense of fuel. On the display the instant expense of fuel, i.e. consumption of fuel by the engine at the moment is displayed.

The average expense of fuel. On the display the average expense of fuel is displayed from the moment of last dump on a zero. Dump of indications on a zero is made by the dump button (R).

Course stock on the remained fuel. On the display the distance in kilometres which can pass the car on the fuel which has remained in a tank at observance of former traffic conditions is displayed. At the indication of 0 km the sound signal will sound.

Tachometre (4)

The maximum speed of rotation makes 6000 rpm. Short-term excess of speed of rotation of 6000 rpm is admissible. Excess of speed of rotation of 7000 rpm is forbidden.

Control bulbs of indexes of turns (5)

The bulb blinks at inclusion of corresponding turn. At перегорании one of bulbs of turns, the control bulb of the index of turns starts to blink with the doubled frequency.

Speedometer (6)

The speedometer shows instant speed of movement of the car.

The temporary counter of kilometres (7)

Dump of the time counter on a zero occurs by pressing the button which is under a scale.

The total counter of kilometres (7)

Shows total run of the car.

The index of level of fuel (8)

The index scale is broken into 4 parts of volume of a fuel tank. Its volume makes 70 дм3. The index shows quantity of fuel in a tank even at ignition deenergizing.

At an exit of an arrow of the index in red sector the scale in a tank remains approximately 10 litres of fuel.

The index of temperature of a cooling liquid (9)

At normal temperature of the engine of the marksman of the index should be in sector "NORM" scales.

The indicator of an overheat (diesel engine) (10)

The indicator blinking specifies in an engine overheat. In this case it is necessary to stop immediately the car, to leave the engine to work on single turns and to define the overheat reason.

Control lamp of a reserve of fuel (11)

Bulb fire warns that the fuel rest in a tank makes approximately 8 litres.

The display (12)

The display works only at ignition inclusion. On the display the information on a condition of brakes, bulbs of external illumination, closing of doors and a luggage carrier and external temperature of air is displayed. Check of all functions is made after inclusion of ignition within 5 seconds. At revealing of infringement of work of any of controllable systems on the display the corresponding symbol lights up.

Brakes. At failure of one brake contour the corresponding symbol within 30 seconds will blink.

External temperature (a). Fire of a yellow symbol on the display warns that the temperature of external air is in limits from + 4 to +1 With, and a red symbol – that air temperature more low 0 С. Инерционность temperature displays makes about 10 seconds.

Idle bulb of external illumination (b). Fire of symbols of bulbs specifies in malfunction of a bulb, a safety lock or an electric feed circuit of a bulb.

Doors (c). At incomplete closing of doors or a luggage carrier the corresponding symbol on the display lights up.

Not fastened seat belt (d).

System of heating and ventilation (13)

 

The temperature and direction of giving of air (to a windscreen or feet) is regulated by switches. The volume and a direction of giving of air in average and lateral nozzles are regulated by corrugated wheels. Glasses of forward doors are blown by nozzles rigidly fixed on the panel.

The three-stage switch of the fan of a heater:

About – the fan is switched off,
I – small speed of the fan,
II – average speed of the fan,
III – high speed of the fan

Position of the fan 2 and 3 are used for fast warming up of salon during cold time or salon ventilation in a heat.

The handle of adjustment of temperature of air submitted to salon: Turn to the left – cold air, turn to the right – hot air.

The distributor of a stream of air:
For removal of the condensed moisture from a windscreen or for its defrosting it is necessary to establish management handles in extreme right position.

The conditioner: on models with the conditioner the three-stage switch of the fan of a heater has six positions, except the neutral. At handle turn salon ventilation by external air in a usual mode is clockwise made. At handle turn salon ventilation by internal air is counter-clockwise made.

For conditioner inclusion it is necessary to press the handle of the switch of the fan. The conditioner works only at the working engine, thus it is necessary to close all windows.

Heater of back glass (14)

The heater of back glass joins only at the included ignition and is automatically switched off approximately in 10 minutes of work. If on the car mirrors with electroheating are established, they join together with a heater of back glass.

Heater of a windscreen (15)

The heater is used for windscreen and washer defrosting, and also for elimination запотевания glasses. The heater works only at the included ignition and is automatically switched off approximately in 4 minutes of work.

Control lamp of automatic maintenance of speed of the car (21)

Lights up at inclusion of system of automatic maintenance of speed of the car.

Control bulb of a headlight of headlights (22)

Lights up at inclusion of a headlight of headlights.

Control lamp of level of a cooling liquid (23)

Bulb fire warns that level of a cooling liquid in a broad tank has gone down to a mark "MIN". It is necessary to restore level of a cooling liquid immediately. If necessity доливания a cooling liquid arises often it is necessary to check up tightness of system of cooling.

Control lamp of level of a liquid for washing of glass (25)

Bulb fire warns that the rest of a liquid for glass washing is equal 1/4 from a full tank.

System of automatic maintenance of speed of the car (27)

Management buttons are specified by arrows.

Inclusion of system of automatic maintenance of speed of the car is made by the top button on the left side of a steering wheel.

Deenergizing of system of automatic maintenance of speed of the car is made by the bottom button on the left side
Steering wheel. The system is switched off automatically if:

 – Speed of the car is less 40 km/hour;
 – Engine turns will exceed 5700 rpm.

Storing of speed of the car occurs by pressing of the top button on the right side of a steering wheel (to a sign +). Pressing and deduction of this button leads to gradual increase in speed of the car. After отпускания buttons former speed of the car will be restored.

For reduction of speed of the car in a mode of automatic maintenance of speed of the car it is necessary to press the bottom button on the left side of a steering wheel (with a sign-) and to keep it before achievement of demanded speed, then to release. Repeated pressing this button will lead to restoration of former speed of the car.


The prevention

By pressing of any pedal of management there is an immediate switching-off of system of automatic maintenance of speed of the car. For restoration of automatic maintenance of speed of the car it is necessary to press on to press the bottom button on the left side of a steering wheel (with a sign-).


About inclusion of system of automatic maintenance of speed of the car the control bulb signals.

Control bulb of gymnastics of the accumulator (29)


This bulb starts to be shone at inclusion of ignition and should go out after the engine will be started. The luminescence of a control bulb of gymnastics of the accumulator during movement testifies to malfunction of system of gymnastics. It is necessary to switch off immediately the engine and to check up a tension drive a generator belt, and also fastening of clips of the accumulator. If all is normal, but the bulb continues to burn, address for the help on the nearest car repair shop.

Control bulb of pressure of oil (30)

The control bulb of pressure of the oil, being on a combination of devices, starts to be shone at inclusion of ignition and should go out after the engine will be started. If this bulb is lighted during movement it is necessary to stop and check up oil level immediately. If level normal, and a bulb is all the same shone, it is necessary to address in repair shop.

Control bulb of a manual brake and very low level of a brake liquid (31)

Fire of this bulb testifies about:

 – The tightened manual brake;
 – Too low level of a brake liquid in a tank. In that case it is necessary to check up level of a brake liquid, to add it and to address on a car repair shop for an establishment of the reason of reduction of a brake liquid.

Fire of this bulb at movement also can inform on failure of one brake contour that will lead to reduction of efficiency of braking.

At simultaneous fire of a control bulb of a manual brake and very low level of a brake liquid and a control bulb of antiblocking system of brakes it is necessary to stop immediately the car and to eliminate malfunction in brake system or to address for the help on the nearest car repair shop.

The proof-reader of light of headlights with manual adjustment (32)

Handle rotation corrects an angle of slope of a beam of light of headlights depending on car loading. Handle turn counter-clockwise lowers a beam of light downwards (at car loading) and on the contrary, handle turn clockwise lifts a beam of light of headlights. The starting position "0" corresponds to car loading only the driver and the passenger on forward sitting.

Control bulb of deterioration brake колодок (33)

If this bulb it is necessary to replace as soon as possible brake Pads is lighted.

Control bulb of antiblocking system of brakes (ABS) (34)

Fire of this bulb testifies to malfunction presence in antiblocking system. The brake system continues to work in a usual mode of braking.

At simultaneous fire of a control bulb of a manual brake and very low level of a brake liquid and a control bulb of antiblocking system of brakes it is necessary to stop immediately the car and to eliminate malfunction in brake system or to address for the help on the nearest car repair shop.

Regulator of level of illumination of devices (35)

Turning the handle of a regulator of level of illumination of devices, it is possible to establish desirable intensity of illumination of devices.

The switch of external illumination (36)

The switch has four fixed positions at turn of the handle and two fixed positions at вытягивании handles.

The starting position – all external illumination is switched off.

Handle turn counter-clockwise on one position – the left dimensional fires are included only. This position is used at stops in a night-time with the switched off engine for the purpose of economy of the electric power.

Handle turn clockwise on one position – dimensional fires are included.

Handle turn clockwise on two positions – dimensional fires and headlights are included. Headlights work only at the included ignition.

The prevention

In case dimensional fires the door of the driver the buzzer will sound is not switched off and opened.


Handle turn clockwise on two positions and вытягивание handles on one position – are included dimensional fires, headlights and forward antifog headlights.

Handle turn clockwise on two positions and вытягивание handles on two positions – are included dimensional fires, headlights and back antifog lanterns.
The prevention

On the cars which do not have lobbies of antifog headlights, the handle is extended only on one position. At вытягивании handles light up corresponding control bulbs.


The indicator of work of candles накаливания (40)

This bulb starts to burn at ignition inclusion. When it will go out, the engine can be started.

Pillow of safety (41)

After inclusion of ignition the bulb should burn within 5 seconds that testifies to serviceability of a control system of a safety pillow.